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RCG GLOBAL ECONOMIC POWER INDEX BY CITY 2021

The RCG Global Economic Power Index (EPI) is a measure of the economic strength of cities around the world. The EPI combines data from the Forbes Billionaires List and the Global 2000 companies. The Global Power City Index is weighted according to where billionaires live and leading public companies are headquartered, a sort of marriage between where the wealthy reside and where wealth is created. Both are not always the same, as certain tax-friendly jurisdictions can be home to plenty of billionaires but no G2000 companies.

Our ranking highlights the importance of global cities to the world’s economy. Their rise and fall can be tracked over time. Much wealth remains in the West, but China is rapidly changing all that with the rise of its megalopolises (clusters of large cities in a key location). EPI is the most accurate ranking of countries’ economic power. Find out who really wields the most economic power in the world.

RankCountryCityEPI21BillisBillis Net Worth ($B)G2000 CompaniesG2000 Market Value ($B)
1United StatesNew York MSA125151709.6954158.2
2United StatesSan Francisco Bay Area111109758.2736625.8
3ChinaShanghai Yangtze River Delta Megalopolis98147699.9651346.4
4ChinaBeijing Jing-Jin-Ji Megalopolis8587444.6802087.1
5JapanTokyo Capital Area7527136.91422201.4
6ChinaGuangzhou Pearl River Delta Megalopolis7488527.3411427.9
7Hong KongHong Kong6972387.4591075.5
8United KingdomLondon Greater Area6765309.7601415
9FranceParis Ile de France5721336.9551628.7
10United StatesSeattle Metropolitan Area5311458.5122930
11United StatesLos Angeles Greater Area5256327.523801.3
12RussiaMoscow5173376.614314.4
13South KoreaSeoul Capital Ara4641105.352683.9
14IndiaMumbai Metropolitan Region4442215.926582.3
15United StatesDallas- Forth Worth Area3826144.422823.2
16United StatesChicago Greater Area371866.7371158.3
17TaiwanTaipei Metrolitan Area333076.732313
18SwitzerlandZurich Greater3224108.221438.8
18United StatesBoston Greater322071.521801.5
18United StatesMiami Metropolitain Area3238142.411234.8
21CanadaToronto Greater Area301369.526619.5
21SingaporeSingapore3031147.112176.5
23SwedenStockholm281683.322373.2
23ThailandBangkok283197.715174.4
23United StatesAtlanta Metropolitan Area281356.616786.8
26United StatesWashington MSA271369.320546.2
27ChinaWuhan Yangtze River Midstream Megalopolis252068.320181.1
27JapanOsaka-Kobe-Kyoto Metropolitan Area25231.333557.5
27United StatesHouston25165520343.1
30AustraliaSydney24146218298.9
30BrazilSao Paulo242687.19139.8
30GermanyRhine-Ruhr metropolitan region24109015323.8
30IndiaNew Delhi242591.29105.4
33United StatesOmaha23393.83585
34GermanyMunich221468.410281.1
34MexicoMexico City2214126.2786.1
34United StatesBentonville222140.21344.4
37ChinaChengyu Megalopolis211787.97126.2
37United StatesPhiladelphia21825.218403.6
39CanadaMontreal201334.313240.5
39ItalyMilan201885.7958
41AustraliaMelbourne19103210361.6
41IrelandDublin19410.417590.2
41SpainMadrid191326.915208
44IsraelTel Aviv181845.41262.4
44Saudi ArabiaDamman180011684.8
44SwitzerlandBasel18620.45529.6
44United StatesDenver18736.712212.9
44United StatesDetroit17653.49117.8
49AustriaVienna16629.18216.7
49ChinaLianyungang16551.5291
49ChinaXiamen-Quanzhou Area161752.9540
49GermanyFrankfurt16554.97128.6
49MalaysiaKuala Lumpur161043.41091.3
49NetherlandsAmsterdam16818.512205.9
49PhilippinesManila161543.1748.6
49United StatesPhoenix161143.9786.9
56ChinaZhengzhou Central Plain Megalopolis151247554.4
56GermanyMannheim155403198.8
56SpainLa Coruna15283.8179.3
56SwitzerlandGeneva151133.44103.2
56TurkeyIstanbul151930.8824.3
56United StatesAustin15963.6256.8
56United StatesLas Vegas15856.9569
56United StatesMinneapolis151211648.2
56United StatesPortland15459.31135.6
65BelgiumBrussels142288171.3
65ChinaJinan Shandong Peninsula Megalopolis147221095.4
65United StatesIndianapolis14316.47283.4
68BrazilRio de Janeiro131119.9499.7
68FinlandHelsinki136169147.2
68IndiaBangalore131131.4459.1
68IndonesiaJakarta131124.4484.4
68MonacoMonaco131352.4110.7
68United StatesNashville13524.85156.1
74AustraliaPerth12437.5366.1
74DenmarkCopenhagen1229.27247.5
74IndiaAhmedabad12849.329.5
74United Arab EmiratesDubai121023.8543.9
74United StatesSaint Louis12619.36108.9
74United StatesSan Diego12410.55221.3
81CanadaVancouver11519.9471.7
81ChileSantiago11730.4623.4
81ChinaNingde11335.8144.6
81Czech RepublicPrague11840.3110
81GermanyHamburg11934.9123.7
81ItalyRome1136.37152.7
81JapanNagoya110012287
81NorwayOslo11715.2666.9
81Saudi ArabiaRiyadh1111.312256.4
81United StatesCleveland1144.48182.1
81United StatesJackson11456.6116.3
81United StatesMilwaukee11311.75127.5
81United StatesTampa11818.8454.1
94GermanyBerlin10720.2343.3
94TaiwanHsinchu1012.22287.6
94United StatesCharlotte10006382.1
94United StatesCincinnati10007371.8
98CanadaCalgary90011222.4
98ChinaShenyang Mid-Southern Liaoning Megalopolis9513.7538
98GermanyNuremberg9318.9349.4
98GermanyStuttgart9511.4354.1
98IndiaPune9420.6327.9
98South AfricaCape Town9310.5274.5
98South AfricaJohannesburg9210.2940.7
98SpainBarcelona956.6561.5
98SwitzerlandLucerne9619.9227.3
98United StatesColumbus915.47115.5
98United StatesOklahoma City9424.1321
98United StatesRaleigh9416.9343
98United StatesWichita9144.912.3
111ArgentinaBuenos Aires8514.5231.7
111CanadaOttawa829.8173.7
111ChinaXi'an Guanzhong Plain Megalopolis8311.5431.4
111ColombiaBogota8210.9432.7
111IndiaKolkata8411.2242.1
111IndonesiaKudus8238.100
111NetherlandsEindhoven8122152.3
111SwitzerlandVevey8001304.1
111United Arab EmiratesAbu Dhabi825.8483.1
111United StatesBaltimore8311.9247.1
111United StatesMemphis816.3586
111United StatesNaples8627.610
111United StatesRichmond8007182.6
111VietnamHanoi839.9433.4
126ChinaRenhuai7001225.5
126ChinaWenzhou7717.100
126DenmarkBillund7426.800
126EgyptCairo7518.116
126FranceLaval7329.700
126GermanyBielefeld7717.500
126GermanyNeckarsulm7135.700
126ItalyVenice7719.400
126NigeriaLagos7321.311.2
126PolandWarsaw737.2523.3
126QatarDoha711.5683.4
126TaiwanTaichung746327.9
126United StatesHartford7006166.2
126United StatesKansas City714.4453.6
126United StatesNorfolk713.9370.5
126United StatesPittsburgh7008118.1
126United StatesTulsa728.6339.5
144AustriaSalzburg6127.600
144ChinaHarbin-Changchun Megalopolis623.5442.5
144ChinaYinchuan6212.218.8
144DenmarkAarhus6111116.8
144FranceLyon6312.316
144IndiaHyderabad6615.800
144JapanKyoto6212210
144NetherlandsRotterdam6002138
144NetherlandsThe Hague6003141.5
144PeruLima648.2216.1
144SwedenGothenberg6415.900
144SwitzerlandGstaad6318.200
144United KingdomStoke-on-Trent6317.300
144United StatesAllentown611.9269.3
144United StatesJacksonville6003139.6
144United StatesLouisville6113106.2
144United StatesSalt Lake City645.4320.3
144United StatesSan Antonio634.7330.3
162AustraliaBrisbane546.717.6
162BermudaHamilton500651.2
162ChinaKunming526.3116.4
162ChinaSuqian523.5121
162ChinaTonghua5215.800
162GermanyKuenzelsau512000
162GermanyMelsungen578.300
162KazakhstanAlmaty531012.6
162KuwaitKuwait City511.3338.3
162LuxembourgLuxembourg City500642.5
162MoroccoCasablanca524.8211.3
162New ZealandAuckland5213.900
162RussiaMagnitogorsk518.916.1
162RussiaSt. Petersburg534.8215.8
162RussiaYekaterinburg5312.700
162SpainValencia539.313.1
162SwitzerlandLausanne517.817.6
162SwitzerlandSt. Gallen518.614.5
162United StatesColumbia5217.700
162United StatesDes Moines515.4211.9
162United StatesEau Claire5114.200
162United StatesFayetteville513.5233
162United StatesHonolulu5119.200
162United StatesMadison515.5111.9
162United StatesSpringfield514.1128.7
187AustraliaScone418.200
187BahamasNassau426.700
187BrazilFortaleza437.200
187CanadaSaint John429.500
187Cayman IslandsGeorge Town426.612.2
187ChinaShantou438.400
187ChinaUrumqi424.227.8
187GermanyBruchsal428.900
187GermanyHaiger418.900
187GermanyKarlsruhe414.1114.7
187GermanyThurgau418.400
187GermanyUlm429.100
187GermanyWolfsburg400170.4
187GreeceAthens411.253.8
187HungaryBudapest422.4212.3
187IndiaChennai446.310
187JapanFukuoka413.336.6
187MexicoMonterrey400543.6
187NorwayStavanger400146.4
187PortugalLisbon400335.5
187RussiaKazan445.600
187RussiaKrasnodar413.515.1
187RussiaSurgut411.9117.9
187SpainBilbao400162.5
187SwedenGotenborg400340.7
187SwitzerlandLugano4310.300
187SwitzerlandZermatt4113.300
187TaiwanKaohsiung City400338.8
187TurkeyAnkara436.300
187UkraineKiev456.400
187United KingdomBristol413.5120
187United KingdomGloucestershire4211.400
187United KingdomNewmarket4113.200
187United StatesAfton41800
187United StatesBirmingham400334.3
187United StatesBoise400262.3
187United StatesBuffalo412.6114.6
187United StatesGrand Rapids4110.200
187United StatesIncline Village4112.500
187United StatesKalamazoo400169.9
187United StatesKohler418.300
187United StatesMissoula428.300
187United StatesNew Orleans413.3119.2
187United StatesRochester400256
187United StatesSanta Barbara4211.400
187United StatesWinston-Salem400150.3
234AlgeriaAlgiers317.500
234AustriaInnsbruck315.200
234BahrainManama311.516.1
234BrazilCuritiba325.200
234British Virgin IslandsNecker Island314.500
234CambodiaPhnom Penh314.800
234CanadaEdmonton313.500
234CanadaSaskatoon300120.4
234CanadaWindsor323.600
234ChinaHohhot300124.5
234ChinaJining313.113.7
234ChinaLanzhou325.800
234ChinaNanning Beibu Gulf Megalopolis311.114.1
234ChinaPutian313.500
234ChinaZhaoyuan313.700
234DenmarkFredericia300142.5
234DenmarkHumlebæk300133.6
234FranceLille325.800
234FranceMarseille31700
234FranceMartigny315.300
234FranceMontpellier313.600
234FranceNantes325.100
234GeorgiaTbilisi314.800
234GermanyAllendorf335.100
234GermanyAurich315.700
234GermanyDresden325.600
234GermanyDuderstadt313.500
234GermanyHannover300328.3
234GermanyHanover314.400
234GermanyMarburg323.400
234GermanyMontabaur31400
234GermanyPassau315.200
234IndiaBaroda311.713
234IndiaHisar317.400
234IndonesiaBandung300123.3
234IrelandCork300122.2
234IrelandTralee300120.3
234ItalyBassano del Grappa314.200
234ItalyBologna312.112.5
234ItalyModena300229
234ItalyTorino315.200
234ItalyTrieste300122.5
234ItalyTurin300127.3
234JapanHamamatsu300220.3
234JapanMinamitsuru300132
234JapanSapporo315.710
234LebanonBeirut324.820
234LiechtensteinVaduz313.500
234NetherlandsHeerlen300121
234NorwayTrondheim315.700
234OmanMuscat312.312.7
234PolandKielce314.200
234PortugalPorto314.511.7
234RussiaTarko-Sale300142.6
234Saudi ArabiaJeddah300129.6
234SwazilandMbabane314.200
234SwitzerlandArosa313.900
234SwitzerlandBern300126.9
234SwitzerlandDavos315.600
234SwitzerlandFribourg300126
234SwitzerlandSchaffhausen300124.5
234TaiwanTaoyuan300220.6
234United KingdomCardiff311.518.6
234United KingdomIsland of Brecquou314.200
234United KingdomIsle of Man314.900
234United KingdomNewbury300137.9
234United StatesBattle Creek300122.4
234United StatesCanandaigua32400
234United StatesChattanooga311.313.5
234United StatesDaytona Beach323.800
234United StatesErie31400
234United StatesFindlay300120.9
234United StatesGreensboro300122.9
234United StatesHarrisburg300227.5
234United StatesHattiesburg322.800
234United StatesIdaho Falls313.500
234United StatesIslamorada313.800
234United StatesKnoxville324.700
234United StatesMidland300234.1
234United StatesMoline300145.5
234United StatesPortage316.500
234United StatesProvidence300215.6
234United StatesReno333.500
234United StatesSanta Cruz31500
234United StatesSioux Falls311.614.5
234United StatesToledo300121
234United StatesWestbrook300123.7
234United StatesWilson316.100
234United StatesWinona300120.7
234VenezuelaCaracas313.610
234VietnamHo Chi Minh City335.200
325AngolaLuanda211.700
325ArgentinaManantiales212.800
325AustraliaAdelaide20016.7
325AustraliaCanberra211.300
325AustraliaGold Coast211.500
325AustriaGraz211.600
325AustriaKlagenfurt211.100
325AustriaWels21100
325BelgiumGhent211.200
325BrazilBelo Horizonte211.312.6
325BrazilBrasilia200114.7
325BrazilBrusque212.600
325BrazilJaraguá do Sul200115.5
325BrazilManaus211.400
325BrazilPorto Alegre212.100
325Brazil‎Salvador20019.8
325CanadaAurora200111.7
325CanadaHalifax20019.7
325CanadaSt. John's200118
325CanadaStellarton20016
325CanadaWhistler211.100
325ChinaBaotou20017
325ChinaDatong200115.1
325ChinaGuiyang20028.2
325ChinaLaizhou211.100
325ChinaLongkou212.600
325ChinaLuzhou200116.4
325ChinaNanping212.500
325ChinaQuzhou21100
325ChinaXuzhou20016.2
325ChinaYunfu211.100
325ColombiaMedellin20016.2
325CyprusLimassol20014.6
325CyprusNicosia21200
325DenmarkHaderslev22200
325DenmarkNordborg211.200
325FranceClermont-Ferrand200117.4
325FranceLimoges200118
325FrancePujols212.400
325FranceSaint-Émilion212.500
325GermanyAschau21100
325GermanyAugsburg211.400
325GermanyBremen213.100
325GermanyBrunswick212.500
325GermanyGoettingen200119.2
325GermanyGrebenhain211.800
325GermanyKassel212.600
325GermanyKonstanz211.100
325GermanyLeipzig212.100
325GermanyOhningen212.100
325GermanySt Wendel211.800
325GermanyStraelen21200
325GermanyWeinheim212.400
325GermanyWurzburg211.200
325GuernseySt. Peter Port212.300
325IndiaAurangabad211.300
325IndiaDehradun200113.4
325IndiaHaridwar212.200
325IndiaKanpur211.100
325IndiaNagda20014.4
325IndiaThrissur211.200
325IndonesiaKediri20015.9
325IndonesiaSurabaya211.500
325IrelandKingscourt20019.2
325ItalyCrocetta del Montello211.500
325ItalyPerugia211.600
325ItalyReggio Emilia20028.3
325ItalySant'' Elpidio A Mare211.200
325JapanHiroshima20026.2
325JapanKawasakai20019.3
325JapanNagano20028.7
325JapanSendai20024.7
325JapanTakasaki20025.5
325JerseySt Helier211.100
325JordanAmman20014.3
325KazakhstanAstana212.900
325KenyaNairobi200110.6
325MalaysiaSibu21100
325MalaysiaTawau212.100
325NepalKathmandu211.500
325NetherlandsAlphen aan den Rijn200119.6
325NetherlandsGorinchem212.800
325NetherlandsVorden212.600
325NorwayBergen20018.9
325NorwayKverva213.400
325PolandKrotoszyn213.400
325PolandPlock20016.4
325PolandPoznan211.500
325RomaniaBucharest211.300
325RussiaAlmetyevsk200116.7
325RussiaChelyabinsk21200
325RussiaCherepovets200110
325RussiaIrkutsk212.100
325RussiaLipetsk200110.4
325RussiaMirny20016.2
325RussiaMurmansk21100
325RussiaRostov211.600
325RussiaSolikamsk211.400
325SlovakiaBratislava222.700
325South KoreaDaejeon20018.4
325South KoreaPohang200112.1
325SpainMarbella21200
325SpainPalma de Majorca211.800
325SwedenBåstad212.200
325SwedenHelsingborg211.100
325SwedenLund20017.9
325SwedenSundsvall20017.6
325SwitzerlandBiel200110.3
325SwitzerlandBurgdorf211.800
325SwitzerlandOlten20017.2
325SwitzerlandZug200117.1
325TaiwanTainan200113.3
325TaiwanTainan City211.700
325TaiwanYunlin211.900
325TanzaniaDar es Salaam211.600
325Turks and Caicos IslandsCockburn Town211.800
325UkraineDnipro211.200
325UkraineDonetsk21300
325United KingdomAberdeen211.500
325United KingdomAberdyfi211.800
325United KingdomChester212.600
325United KingdomCirencester20015.7
325United KingdomEdinburgh200116.8
325United KingdomJersey20015.5
325United KingdomLeeds20015.5
325United KingdomLeicester20017.6
325United KingdomLiverpool213.400
325United KingdomNottingham211.800
325United KingdomReading200116.1
325United KingdomWarrington20017.8
325United KingdomWotton-under-Edge21200
325United KingdomYork20018.9
325United StatesAspen211.200
325United StatesBelgrade211.900
325United StatesBenton Harbor20017
325United StatesBozeman212.800
325United StatesBrookville212.300
325United StatesBrownsville212.200
325United StatesBurlington200116
325United StatesCalhoun20016.2
325United StatesCharleston211.900
325United StatesCisco222.300
325United StatesCorning200116.7
325United StatesDaytonaeach200110.2
325United StatesEl Dorado20024.9
325United StatesEl Paso211.500
325United StatesFort Wayne20015.2
325United StatesKearney21100
325United StatesKingsport20018.2
325United StatesLewisburg211.200
325United StatesLexington212.900
325United StatesLittle Jackson Hole212.900
325United StatesLittle Rock212.600
325United StatesMankato212.500
325United StatesMonroe200111.7
325United StatesOrlando20019.6
325United StatesPittsburg222.500
325United StatesPottsville211.500
325United StatesRedding213.200
325United StatesRoanoke20018.4
325United StatesSpringdale212.100
325United StatesTemple21300
325United StatesYoungstown213.200
488AustraliaBendigo10012.3
488AustriaLinz10013.7
488BrazilCamaçari10013.1
488CanadaQuebec10013.5
488ChinaGuixi10013.4
488DenmarkSilkeborg10012
488FranceQuimper10012.7
488GermanyLübeck10013.1
488ItalySiena10011.3
488ItalySondrio10010
488ItalyVerona10010
488JapanAki10013.6
488JapanFukushima10010
488JapanKanazawa10010
488JapanKumamoto10011.9
488JapanMatsue10010
488JapanMatsuyama10011.7
488JapanNagaoka10011
488JapanOkayama10011.8
488JapanShimonoseki10011.4
488JapanShizuoka10013.5
488JapanTakamatsu10010
488JapanToyama10011.1
488NetherlandsUtrecht10013.8
488Puerto RicoSan Juan10013.4
488South KoreaBusan10021.4
488South KoreaJeonju10010
488South KoreaUlsan10012.9
488SpainMalaga10010
488SpainSeville10010
488United KingdomGlasgow10011.4
488United StatesEvansville10013.3

METHODOLOGY

The data was collected in December 2020. All financial data is expressed in USD.

Cities have been grouped into their largest denominations (economic areas or metropolitan areas) based on government definitions.

Billionaire data is from the Forbes Billionaire List. Missing data regarding the city of residence of billionaires were researched separately.

Source: Forbes Billionaires List 

Global 2000 Public Companies data was taken from Forbes. Missing data regarding the location of headquarters were researched separately.

Source: Forbes 2020 World’s Biggest Public Companies 

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